Facts About the Polish Language

Polish is a language that is spoken mostly in Eastern Europe. It belongs to the Balto-Slavic language group of the Indo-European language family. Polish is the official language in Poland, but it is also spoken by sizeable minorities in Belarus, the Czech Republic, Russia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Ukraine and other countries.
 

In total, about 50 million people in the world speak Polish: 38 million in Poland and about 12 million in the United Kingdom, the United States, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine and elsewhere.

There are about 45 million native speakers, putting Polish in the top ten languages with the largest number of native speakers in Europe and placing it at twenty-fifth in the world.

Polish is similar to the Czech and Slovak languages, all of which are members of the West Slavic languages which were originally spoken by Polan tribes in the Greater Poland region and by Vistulans in Lesser Poland in around the 10th century AD.

It cannot be precisely determined which dialect played the decisive role in the development of the contemporary Polish language, because the development of the language continued along with the genesis of Polish statehood, so as the centre of the country changed, so did the Polish language’s development centre (switching from Gniezno to Poznan to Krakow).

The Polish language has four dialects: Greater Polish, Lesser Polish, Mazovian, and Silesian, although some linguists consider Silesian to be a language, not a dialect. The other, lesser dialects are mostly spoken in rural areas, except for the Podhale dialect, which is spoken by people living in the Tatra Mountains, and Kashubian which is spoken in Pomerania, which has been recognised as an official regional language in Poland.

Polish literary language was created in around the 16th century AD; poets and writers Biernat z Lublina, Jan Kochanowski, Mikołaj Rej, and Piotr Skarga contributed greatly to the development of the Polish literary language.

Polish has many loanwords from the Czech, French, Italian, Hebrew, Russian, Latin, German and other languages.

The system of cardinal numbers in the Polish language is particularly rich and intriguing. Cardinal numbers in Polish have a gender, and they have to be inflected. Just as with Latvian, there are cardinal, fractional and composite numbers in Polish, but on top of that, there are also collective numerals and other special forms of numerals. The Polish alphabet is based on the Latin alphabet, and has 32 letters.

In Polish, there are rather few vowels and comparatively many consonants, particularly affricates. Vowels are not divided into short and long versions. The language is notable for a large number of polysyllabic words with an emphasis on the third syllable. Word order in a sentence is relatively free.

The earliest surviving text in Polish, a list of persons and place names, is dated to 1136.

The first book in Polish was published in 1561. It was a translation of the Bible from Latin into Polish.

Polish language code: ISO 639-1: pl.

In need of a translation?
Looking for a language solution or a consultation?
 

We will prepare a tailored solution and consult you on your subject of interest.

 

Send inquiry

Language combinations:

Latvian to Polish; Polish to Latvian; Estonian to Polish; Polish to Estonian; Lithuanian to Polish; Polish to Lithuanian; Russian to Polish; Polish to Russian; Czech to Polish; Polish to Czech; Ukrainian to Polish; Polish to Ukrainian; English to Polish; Polish to English; Polish to Spanish; Spanish to Polish; German to Polish; Polish to German; Italian to Polish; Polish to Italian; French to Polish; Polish to French; Danish to Polish; Polish to Danish; Norwegian to Polish; Polish to Norwegian; Swedish to Polish; Polish to Swedish; Finnish to Polish; Polish to Finnish and others.

FAQ

What is Skrivanek Baltic?

Skrivanek Baltic is a certified translation agency, which has been operating and offering language services of the highest quality in Latvia since 2003 and in Estonia since 2004. Skrivanek is one of the major language services provider in the world, with more than 20 years of experience. We currently have nearly 50 branches in various countries: USA, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Germany.

What type of services do you provide?

We provide great variety of language solutions – translation and interpreting services, localisation services, text adaptation, copywriting, DTP and language training. Interpreting is provided at conferences and business meetings, as well as during court proceedings. Translating includes specialised and general translations across a variety of industries.

How much will translation services cost?

Prices for translation services are calculated according to the number of words in the source document, the language pair, and other aspects. Send us your documents, and we will provide you a quote on the service price before beginning the translation. Receiving a free quote does not give you any obligation to cooperate with us.